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Delhi Saltanate – 2

Dosto maine aapko delhi saltanate ke pahle part me gulam vansh ke bare me bataya tha aaj mai apko iska dusra part delhi saltanate -2 bataunga.Iss part me alag-alag dynasty ke bare me janenge jinhone yaha par raaj kiya isme khilji dynasty,Tuglaq dynasty aur Lodi dynasty samil hai.

Delhi saltanate-2 important dynasty in hindi.

Khilji Dynasty

  • Iss dynasty me bahut se rajao ne raaj kiya isme se ham important rajao ke bare me janenge.

Alaudin Khilji (1296-1316)

  • Inka real name “Ali Gurship” tha.
  • Yah second alexender (dusre sikander) ke naam se famous the.
  • Army me sudhar –Yah pahle sultan the jinhone permanent army laya aur uss large army ko regular salaries diya aur maintain kiya.
  • India me pahli bar dag aur hulia alaudin ke army ne hi istemal kiya.
  • Pahli bar south india  me attack kiya.
  • Economic sudhar – “Diwan – i – mustkharaj” naam ka naya department banaya yah finance department tha.
  • Diwan-i-Riyasat naam ka commerce department banaya,market ko control karne ke liye.
  • Inhone hi shahna-i-mandi laya iske jariye sabhi market ko apne under kar liya.
  • Architecture- Inhone Alai minar,Alai darwaja,Jamait khana masjid,shri ka mahal banwaya.

Mubarak Khilji (1316-1320 A.D.)

  • Apne aap ko khalifa ghosit kiya.
  • Ise iske wazir khusrau shah ne mara.

 

Tughlaq Dynasty

Ghiyas-ud-din Tuglaq ( 1320-1325 AD)

  • Yah pahle sultan the jinhone “Ghazi” ka title accept kiya.
  • Yah pahle sultan the jinhone irrigation(sinchai) ke liye canals(nahar) banwaye.
  • Delhi ke samip ek new city tughlakabad banwaya.
  • Ise juna khan (mohammad-bin-tughlaq) ne 1325 AD me delhi ke pass afghanpura me isko maar diya.

Mohammad-Bin-Tughlaq (1325-1351 AD)

  • Inka real name “Juna khan” tha.
  • Tughlaq ne apni capital delhi se devnagri  transfer kiya aur uska naam daulatabad rakha.
  • 1330 AD me token currency laya.
  • Bronze tanka chalu kiya.(NOTE- Pahli bar token currency china ne chalu kiya.)
  • Doab me tax ko badaya.
  • Mohammad tuglaq ne kishano ko agriculture loan diye jise “Taqavi/sondhar” kaha jata tha.
  • Diwan-i-kohi(1337) – Yah ek agriculture department hai jise Tughlaq ne banwaya.
  • 1333 me “Iban Battuta” tughlaq ke raj-darbar me aya,ise mohammad-bin-tughlaq ne “qazi” niyuqt kiya.Aur ise china ke liye rajdut banaya.

Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1351-1388)

  • Inhone ne irrigation(sinchai) ke liye bahut sare canal (nahar) banwaye aur haqq-i-sharab naam ka irrigation tax laya.
  • Apne bade bhai ke yaad me firoz shah tughlaq ne “Jaunpur” city banwaya.
  • Jaunpur “Shiraj-i-hind” naam se bhi famous tha.
  • Death-20 sep 1388.

Important Department Jise Firoz Shah Ne Banwaya

  • Diwan-i-Khairat – Yah ek donation department tha jise garibo ke liye banaya gya tha.
  • Diwan-i-ishtihaq – Yah pension department tha.
  • Daffar-i-rozgar – Yah aaj ke employment bureau ke jaisa tha jis firoz shah ne banwaya.
  • Dar-ul-shafa – Yah free hospitals tha jise garibo ke ilaj ke liye banaya gya tha,yaha par free medicines aur foods marijo ko milta tha.

Firoz Shah Tughlaq Ke Books

  • Firoz shah tughlaq ke pass ziauddin barni aya tha jisne firoz shah ke upar ek book “Tareekhe Firozsahi” likha.
  • Firoz shah ne khud apne upar ek book likha,jiska naam “Futunate Firozsahi” hai.

 

Lodi Dynasty

Bahlal Lodi (1450-1489)

  • Delhi saltanate ke pahle afghan ruler the.
  • Inhone naya copper coin nikala jise Bahloli coin naam se jana gya.

Sikandar Lodi (1489-1517)

  • Iski mother hindu thi.
  • Inka real name nigam khan tha.
  • Zakat tax ko sikandar lodi ne band kiya.
  • Inhone 1504 A.D. me agra city ko basaya aur 1506 AD me rajdhani delhi se agra transfer kiya.

Tomb of Sikandar Lodi

  • Yah agra me hai, isme double dome (डबल गुंबद) hai.

 

 

Agar kisi prakar ka koi doubt hai to niche comment box me jarur likhe.aur yah post kaisa laga comment me jarur bataye.Thank you.

 

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